Djibouti’s strength lies in its strategic location at the southern entrance to the Red Sea, forming a bridge between Africa and the Middle East. Over the years, Africans, Arabs and Europeans have been drawn to the allure of this country on the northeast coast of the Horn of Africa. Meet beautiful escorts with multi-cultural roots in Djibouti today on Exotic Africa.More Less
Djibouti is a small strategically located country on the northeast coast of the Horn of Africa. It is situated on the Bab el Mandeb Strait, which lies to the east and separates the Red Sea from the Gulf of Aden.
The region of present-day Djibouti was the site of the medieval Ifat and Adal Sultanates. In the late 19th century, treaties signed by the ruling Somali and Afar sultans with the French allowed the latter to establish the colony of French Somaliland. The designation continued in use until 1967, when the name was changed to the French Territory of the Afars and the Issas. Upon independence in 1977, the country was named after its capital city of Djibouti.
Djibouti is bounded by Eritrea to the north, Ethiopia to the west and southwest, and Somalia to the south. Djibouti’s capital, Djibouti city, is built on coral reefs that jut into the southern entrance of the gulf; other major towns are Obock, Tadjoura, Ali Sabieh, Arta, and Dikhil.
The national currency is called the Djiboutian franc, and is pegged to the U.S. dollar at a fixed parity. Djibouti’s US$2 billion city-state economy is driven by a state-of-the-art port complex, among the most sophisticated in the world.
Djibouti is made up of two largest ethnic groups are the Somali and Afar. Both groups speak related, but not mutually intelligible, eastern Cushitic languages. Djibouti city is home to a long-established community of Yemeni Arabs and houses a sizable contingent of French technical advisers and military personnel. In recent decades these groups have been joined by small but significant numbers of ethnic Ethiopians as well as Greek and Italian expatriates.
French and Arabic are the two official languages in Djibouti but Somali is the most widely spoken language, although it is rarely written and is not taught in the schools.
More than nine-tenths of the population is Muslim; nearly all adhere to the Sunni branch of Islam. Some Christian religions are represented in Djibouti, including Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism.
Djibouti is the most urbanized country in sub-Saharan Africa, with nearly four-fifths of the population classified as urban. Nearly one-third of the population is under age 15, and almost one-third is between the ages of 15 and 29. The average life expectancy is about 66 years for women and about 61 years for men.
The often torrid climate varies between two major seasons. The cool season lasts from October to April and typifies a Mediterranean-style climate in which temperatures range from the low 70s to the mid-80s F (low 20s to low 30s C) with low humidity. The hot season lasts from May to September.
Djibouti has several small airports throughout the country that provide access to domestic air service. There is an international airport located at Ambouli, near Djibouti city. Djibouti–Ambouli International Airport is a joint civilian/military-use airport situated in Djibouti City.
The airport, which was opened in 1948, is located approximately 6 kilometres (5 mi) from the city centre.
Djibouti is renowned for its delicate multicoloured textiles, which are made into saronglike garments called futa. These garments are sold in the capital’s colourful central market.
The cuisine of Djibouti mingles African and French influences to produce meals that might include roast lamb with a delicate yogurt sauce, lentil stew, flatbread, and cucumber salad, served with mineral water and fruit juice.
The souk (marketplace) of Djibouti city is famed for its spicy oven-baked fish. The capital also houses several high-quality Vietnamese, Chinese, and Lebanese restaurants, making it a somewhat remote but altogether fascinating destination for gourmands.